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How to use the P.E.E technique to gain top marks in Comprehension

P is for POINT i.e. make your point
E is for EVIDENCE i.e. back up your POINT with quotations from the text
E is for EXPLANATION i.e. describe how your EVIDENCE proves your POINT
Some people add further letters to the end of the acronym, such as:
another E for “ EVALUATE the strength of your evidence”,
an L for “LINK your point to others you have made”
or a D for “DEVELOP your answer “.These are useful when working at more advanced levels, or when you are required to write a longer answer for 6 marks or more. These are useful when working at more advanced levels, or when you are required to write a longer answer for 6 marks or more. Have a look at this example :Text
Marmaduke was sitting on the fence. He wasn’t thinking of anything in particular, just looking around. Jehosophat called to him from the barnyard,
“Come’n an’ play I Spy.”But Marmaduke only grumbled,
“Don’t want to.”
“Well, let’s play Cross Tag then,” Jehosophat suggested.
“Don’t want to,” repeated his brother again, not very politely. Jehosophat thought for a moment, then he suggested something worthwhile:
“I’ll tell you what, let’s play Duck-on-the-Rock.”
Now as every boy in the world–at least in America–knows, that is a wonderful game, but Marmaduke only said very crossly,
“I don’t want to play any of your ol’ games.”

Question 1

What sort of mood is Marmaduke in during the scene portrayed in this extract?

Answer 1

Marmaduke is in a cross, grumpy mood throughout the scene. We know this because the text tells us he “grumbled”, answered “not very politely” and spoke “crossly”. These verbs and adverbs show the reader the negative way in which Marmaduke was answering his brother, and are indicative of his bad mood.

To specify

  • POINT- Marmaduke is in a cross, grumpy mood.
  • EVIDENCE- “grumbled”, “not very politely” spoke “crossly”.
  • EXPLANATION- These verbs and adverbs show the reader the negative way in which Marmaduke was answering his brother, and are indicative of his bad mood.

Question 2

What conclusions can we make about Jehosophat’s character from this extract?

Answer 2

Illustrating a more developed technique, where the PEEE model is applied.

From this extract, we gain the impression that Jehosophat is a good-natured, imaginative and tenacious boy. He does not retaliate when Marmaduke speaks to him in a rude and cross way, but merely goes on to suggest alternative games such as “Cross Tag” and “Duck on a Rock”. He spends time trying to think of something “worthwhile” to say, and introduces his suggestions in a cheery way ; “ I’ll tell you what…”

From this we can learn that he has both the imagination to come up with more ideas for games and the tenacity not to give up in the face of continued rejection from his brother. He is also good tempered enough to interact in a cheerful way even when spoken to dismissively.

However, we do not know the context or back story to the brothers’ lives and it maybe the case that, without this information, our conclusions about Jehosophat’s character are misinformed. For example, the age gap between the brothers is unknown, and this would obviously have some bearing on their interactions.

To specify

  • POINT- Jehosophat is a good-natured, imaginative and tenacious boy
  • EVIDENCE-
    • Does not retaliate
    • Goes on to suggest alternative games such a “ Cross Tag” and “ Duck on a Rock”.
    • Trying to think of something “worthwhile”
    • Cheery way ; “ I’ll tell you what…”
  • EXPLANATION- Both the imagination to come up with more ideas for games and the tenacity not to give up in the face of continued rejection from his brother. He is also good tempered enough to interact in a cheerful way even when spoken to dismissively.
  • EVALUATION-
    • Do not know the context or back story to the brothers’ lives
    • Without this information, our conclusions about Jehosophat’s character are misinformed

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